Today, I am still firmly unfolding my assertion that Zamboanga was
the greatest republic in history under the revolutionary leadership and presidency of Gen. Vicente Solis Alvarez. The revolutionary military achievements and feats of Gen. Vicente S. Alvarez were far heroic and much more awesomely remarkable than the much publicized and extravagantly praised exploits of Gen. Emilio F. Aguinaldo, Gen. Miguel Malvar, Gen. Gregorio del Pilar, or Gen. Antonio Luna.
The Luzon based revolutionaries either ended dead, captured, bribed,
assassinated, or duped into signing peace pacts with the Spaniards or the Americans. The revolutionary leaders of Luzon miserably failed to capture or place in custody any high ranking civil or military Spanish officials.
Embarrassingly, all of them failed to achieve or score a major military victory either against the Spaniards or the Americans.
June 12, 1898 - Delusion of Grandeur
The declaration of independence of June 12, 1898 by Gen. Emilio F.
Aguinaldo was nothing but an expression of his political ambition for the Philippines to be free. In reality, he was only in control of Cavite and few provinces in Luzon. The rest of the Philippine Islands was still under the effective control of the Spanish Colonial Government. It was nothing but
Aguinaldo''s "Delusion of Grandeur."
Mindanao and Sulu at War with Spain for Centuries
At the time Gen. Emilio F. Aguinaldo declared Philippine
Independence, Mindanao Sulu were still in the thick of the fight and were already foist to deliver the final death blow against the colonial forces - a war of repulsion they had always waged against the colonizers and conquistador''es for more then three hundred years. The revolutionaries of Luzon only started their war of insurrection against Spain on August 26,
1896 at Pugad Lawin. For the Mindanaoans and Suluans the declaration of Independence on June 12, 1898 was completely a political fiction or a fairy tale.
Zamboanga, Ultimate Seat of Spanish Colonial Government
The Spanish Colonial Government after the Mock War of August 13,
1899, was first transferred to Iloilo in the Island of Panay, Visayas, with Gov. General Diego delos Rios as the Commander-in-Chiefofthe remaining colonial forces in Mindanao, Sulu and the Visayas. However, when he found out that the revolutionary forces in the Visayas were capturing the military garrisons, forts, and other Spanish fortifications one after the other,
Gen. Diego delos Rios, decided to transfer the seat of the Spanish
Colonial Government to Fort Pilar, Zamboanga bringing with him the remnants of his colonial forces in the Visayas. In fact, the Visayas revolutionaries were more successful than their Luzon based counterparts. The Visayan rebels freed themselves from the Spanish Crown on December 25, 1898 a day after the departure of Gen. delos Rios from Iloilo on the night of December 24, 1898.
Last Bastion of Defense
Gen. Diego delos Rios upon his arrival at fort Pilar on
December 24, 1898, immediately made preparations for the setting
up of the last bastion of defense for Spanish sovereignty in the
Philippines. He pulled out the colonial forces in Cotabato and
Lanao and consolidated and concentrated them all at Fort Pilar.
Last Battle Against Spain
The final battle against Spanish sovereignty was fought and won by the consolidated revolutionary forces under the Command of Gen. Vicente Solis Alvarez when Fort Pilar, the last bastion of Spanish defense collapsed and was captured on May 18, 1899 after weeks of being under siege.
May 18,1899 - True Independence From the Crown of Spain
Diego delos Rios, the last Spanish-Governor of the Spanish
Colonial Government of the Philippine Islands turned over his saber, (the symbol of Spanish sovereignty) to General Vicente
Solis Alvarez in colorful and elaborate surrender ceremonies held in the morning of May 18, 1899 at Fort Pilar, Zamboanga marking the true date of independence of the Philippine Islands, Mindanao and Sulu from the Spanish Crown.
Any dissenting opinion? By the way, the Americans did not win any war against Spain in Mindanao. They illegally and forcibly took possession of Mindanao and Sulu using a bogus Dead of Sale Document-The Treaty of Paris of December 10, 1898.